Located at the edge of the plain of the Campania region of Italy, Caserta is the capital of the province of the same name. Caserta was originally established surrounding a tower built by Prince Pando during his rule over the area after destroying the original settlement, known as Caserta Vecchia, which means "Old Caserta," in the year 863. After the destruction of the old city, its residents moved to the new settlement, which was the origin of the story of the two Caserta's. Today, the tower still stands and is part of the Palazzo della Prefettura, which was once the royal residence and seat of the courts.
During World War II, Caserta was mercilessly bombed, but its residents did not cease to resist, and their heroic actions earned the town the great distinction of being granted a bronze medal for military valor and a gold medal for civil valor. As World War II dwindled to a close, the royal palace of Caserta served as the residence of the Supreme Allied Commander and, in 1945, was used to hold the first war trial. During this trial, a German general named Anton Dostler was found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to be executed by a firing squad. Later on, the trials continued at Nuremberg.
Today, the Royal Palace, which was built in the 18th century, has been granted the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The palace, which features over 1,200 rooms decorated in a wide range of styles, has been used as a filming location for various movie franchises, including Star Wars: Episode I and III, Angels & Demons and Mission: Impossible III. Its long and interesting history, coupled with the ruins of the old city, make Caserta one of the most attractive places to visit in Italy.